Emergency response requires an efficient information supply chain for the smooth operations of intra- and inter-organizational emergency management processes. However, the breakdown of this information supply chain due to the lack of consistent data standards presents a significant problem. In this paper, we adopt a theory- driven novel approach to develop an XML-based data model that prescribes a comprehensive set of data standards (semantics and internal structures) for emergency management to better address the challenges of information interoperability. Actual documents currently being used in mitigating chemical emergencies from a large number of incidents are used in the analysis stage. The data model development is guided by Activity Theory and is validated through a RFC-like process used in standards development. This paper applies the standards to the real case of a chemical incident scenario. Further, it complies with the national leading initiatives in emergency standards (National Information Exchange Model)
Chen, Rui; Sharman, Raj; Chakravarti, Nirupama; Rao, H. Raghav; and Upadhyaya, Shambhu J.
"Emergency Response Information System Interoperability: Development of Chemical Incident Response Data Model,"
Journal of the Association for Information Systems:
3, Article 7.
Available at: http://aisel.aisnet.org/jais/vol9/iss3/7