Accessibility awareness and development have improved in the past two decades, but many users still encounter accessibility barriers when using information technology (IT) artifacts (e.g., user interfaces and websites). Current research in information systems and human-computer interaction disciplines explores methods, techniques, and factors affecting the accessibility of IT artifacts for a particular population and provides solutions to address these barriers. However, a design of IT artifacts realized in one solution should be used to provide accessibility to the widest range of users, which requires an integration of solutions. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify the factors that cause accessibility barriers and the solutions for users with different needs. This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge by revealing (1) management- and development-level factors, and (2) user perspective factors affecting accessibility that address different accessibility barriers to different populations (based on the International Classification of Functioning by the World Health Organization). Based on these findings, we synthesize and illustrate the factors and solutions that need to be addressed when creating an accessible IT artifact.
Mäkipää, J., Norrgård, J., & Vartiainen, T. (2022). Factors Affecting the Accessibility of IT Artifacts: A Systematic Review. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 51, pp-pp. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.05129
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