Different from classification and taxonomy, typology meets the criteria of a theory and is a unique form of theory building. Typology is a good first step in exploring a research topic, and, therefore, we are concerned with building typological theories for underdeveloped topics with limited studies. We propose a four-step approach involving content analysis, multidimensional scaling, judgmental analysis, and empirical testing to guide researchers in developing typological theories in their domains of interest using a quantitative approach that rides on empirical methods and industry wisdom. Previous research in information security has paid little attention to employees’ deviant behavior in the workplace. We, therefore, built a typology of information security deviant behavior as an example to illustrate the theory development process. We discuss the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of this study.
Chu, A. M., Chau, P. Y., & So, M. K. (2015). Developing a Typological Theory Using a Quantitative Approach: A Case of Information Security Deviant Behavior. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 37, pp-pp. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.03725