The Domain Name System (DNS) is a critical component of the global Internet infrastructure. Throughout its history, its design and administration has experienced significant dynamic changes as the Internet itself has evolved. The history of the DNS is divided into six eras, based on underlying technological and administrative themes within each era. Developments in its governance, its application, and in other factors are discussed. Future directions for DNS use and abuse are explored, along with challenges in its future governance. Finally, a proposed research model is included to guide future study of the DNS evolution and its influences from political, legal, psychological, sociological, and technological perspectives.
Pope, M. B., Warkentin, M., Mutchler, L. A., & Luo, X. (. (2012). The Domain Name System—Past, Present, and Future. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 30, pp-pp. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.03021