ECIS 2020 Research Papers

Abstract

Drawing on the Affordance-Actualization Theory (AAT), our article addresses the following research question: how do the affordances of a predictive analytics are actualized? We aim at providing a conceptual framework of the affordance-actualization process which works to advance our understanding of the way actors and a predictive system interact to actualize affordances. We employed an exploratory multisite case study focusing on a predictive policing system recently implemented in French military police – Gendarmerie. Based on the qualitative content analysis of datasets gathered over an 18-month, we show that the actualization process of affordance rests on different patterns of uses developed by police officers in interaction with associated outcomes. We further highlight how these patterns-of-usesoutcomes interactions result in non, partial or full actualization of perceived affordances.

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