Data centers are the backbone of the digital age, serving as the critical infrastructure that powers our modern world. However, this immense technological growth comes at a price: data centers are voracious consumers of energy, with cooling systems being one of the largest contributors to their energy bills. As the demand for data processing and storage continues to skyrocket, addressing the energy efficiency of data centers becomes paramount. This is where Artificial Intelligence (AI) steps in, revolutionizing the way data centers manage their cooling systems to optimize energy efficiency and sustainability. Data centers house thousands of servers and electronic components that generate substantial amounts of heat during operation. To prevent overheating and ensure optimal performance, sophisticated cooling systems are essential. Traditional cooling methods, like air conditioning, often involve excessive energy consumption and high operational costs (Nadjahi et al. 2018); (Ni and Bai 2017). These systems also pose environmental concerns due to their carbon footprint, contributing to climate change. AI has emerged as a transformative force in the pursuit of energy-efficient data centers (Gill et al. 2019); (Lu et al. 2020). By leveraging the capabilities of machine learning (Farahnakian et al. 2014); (Shaw et al. 2022) and data analytics (Çağlar and Altılar 2022), AI-driven solutions have the potential to revolutionize the operation of cooling systems. AI brings several key innovations to enhance energy efficiency in data center cooling: One such innovation is Predictive Analytics (Al Kez et al. 2022); (Stergiou and Psannis 2022). With AI, extensive datasets that encompass server temperatures, workload patterns, and weather forecasts can be meticulously analyzed to forecast cooling requirements in advance. This predictive capability empowers proactive adjustments to the cooling system, effectively reducing energy wastage. Another significant advancement is Dynamic Temperature Control (Zhao, Cai, et al. 2022); (Zhao, Chang, et al. 2022). AI can dynamically adapt cooling settings in real-time based on current conditions, ensuring that server temperatures remain within the optimal range without resorting to excessive cooling, a common issue with conventional systems. In certain instances, Zonal Cooling is employed (Li et al. 2019); (Rahman et al. 2020). AI can fine-tune cooling zones within a data center, directing cooling resources to areas with the highest demand while conserving energy in less critical zones. Renewable Energy Integration serves as another compelling example (Huang et al. 2020). AI can optimize cooling operations to align with the availability of renewable energy sources like solar and wind, further diminishing the carbon footprint associated with data centers. Additionally, some data centers have embraced Predictive Maintenance (Decker et al. 2020); (Teoh et al. 2021). AI, in this context, excels at predicting equipment failures and identifying maintenance needs well in advance, thereby preventing downtime and ensuring the optimal performance of cooling systems. As the demand for data continues to grow, the energy efficiency of data centers becomes increasingly critical for both economic and environmental reasons. AI-driven cooling solutions represent a significant step towards reducing the environmental impact of data centers while cutting operational costs (Dharaniya et al. 2023). By harnessing predictive analytics, dynamic temperature control, and renewable energy integration, data center operators can ensure that their facilities are not only more energy-efficient but also more sustainable. The digital revolution shows no signs of slowing down, and data centers will remain at the forefront of this transformation. However, the environmental impact of data centers cannot be ignored. AI-powered cooling solutions offer a promising path to drastically improve energy efficiency and reduce the carbon footprint of these vital facilities. By embracing AI-driven innovations, data center operators can contribute to a greener and more sustainable digital future while optimizing their operations and reducing costs.