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Program sustainability has received considerable research attention in many fields. Buck (2015) describes a general framework for program sustainability. Although initially designed to address the long-term viability of non-profits, public agencies, and foundations, the model is general enough to be applicable to a wide range of program types. A sustainable program is essentially one that has a recognized identity, and the resources and support needed to carry out its mission and serve its constituents across time. Buck asserts that programs with such characteristics can attract and retain supporters, achieve mission-related outcomes, and attract persistent funding and resources. An alternative framework for program sustainability (the Sustainability Framework) has been proposed by Schell et al. (2013). This framework was developed to describe factors related the sustainability of public health programs. It identifies a set of organizational and contextual domains with a program’s sustainability capacity - its ability to maintain programming and its benefits over time. The organizational and contextual domains identified by the Sustainability Framework include environmental support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, program evaluation, program adaptation, communications, and strategic planning. In combination, Buck’s sustainability model and Schell et al.’s sustainability framework help to delineate what program sustainability encompasses. Both provide a system-oriented perspective on programs that stress the importance of program goals, stakeholders, and resources.

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