As next generation Creativity Support Systems (CSS) become increasingly complex, facilitators and virtual teams artificially limit themselves and work around features in order to prevent cognitive overload or spark creativity. Contrary to intuition, research shows that limited functionalities or interactions can be beneficial for creative collaboration. Following a Design Science Research approach, we investigate how CSS should make use of constraints in order to support virtual collaboration. Our research offers two practical insights: Firstly, constraints in CSS can stimulate more radical forms of creativity beyond routine performance, promote adaptation and activity in CSS and enable expression and exploration for inexperienced users. Secondly, we propose five Design Principles (DPs) in accord with these findings: 1) Stimulation and Pause, 2) Blocking and Proceeding, 3) Mixing and Integrating, 4) Initial Limitation and 5) Late Variety.
Pilcicki, Raoul; Siemon, Dominik; and Lattemann, Christoph, "Constraints That Support Creativity – Design Principles for Next Generation Creativity Support Systems" (2022). PACIS 2022 Proceedings. 148.
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