Application of Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Fire Incidents in the City of Manila: An Assessment

Francis F. Balahadia, Laguna State Polytechnic University Siniloan
Arlene O. Trillanes, National University Sampalo, Manila


The spatio-temporal analysis of fire could allow decision makers to prepare an effective fire management plan that makes efficient use of needed resources. This study aims to analyze fire data in the City of Manila from 2011 to 2015 through spatio-temporal analysis. A total of 2,823 fire incidents were investigated and fires due to faulty electrical connections occurring from 4PM to 8PM emerged as the time with the most number of fires. Daily pattern does not show much variation although the monthly pattern shows that the summer months have higher number of fire occurrences compared with the rest of the months except for September, which had most number of recorded fires during the 5-year period. Further research direction can include determining the impact of socioeconomic and environmental factors in fire incidence likewise the utilization of geo-visualization techniques, prediction model and simulation as tools in improving fire service and management.