Paper Number

2256

Paper Type

Complete

Description

We focus on the equity problem of the IT-enabled public bike share systems and posit that shared bicycles become a heavily reliant mode of transportation in low-income neighborhoods during abrupt suspensions of subway systems caused by disasters. Although bike share is known to provide many social benefits, it has been often criticized for having low usage and lazy expansion among low-income neighborhoods. We leverage a natural experiment setting to estimate the effect of flood damage to subway lines on the demand for public bike share service. Through a quasi-experiment analysis, we find that the effect of flood significantly increases bike share usage in low-income neighborhoods while not profoundly affecting usage in high-income neighborhoods. From the results, we shed light on the previously undiscovered role of bike share in the disaster management context and its role in mitigating the transportation disturbance of low-income commuters.

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Dec 12th, 12:00 AM

Bike Share Systems and Equitable Disaster Management: Utilization in Low-income Neighborhoods Amid Subway Flood Damage

We focus on the equity problem of the IT-enabled public bike share systems and posit that shared bicycles become a heavily reliant mode of transportation in low-income neighborhoods during abrupt suspensions of subway systems caused by disasters. Although bike share is known to provide many social benefits, it has been often criticized for having low usage and lazy expansion among low-income neighborhoods. We leverage a natural experiment setting to estimate the effect of flood damage to subway lines on the demand for public bike share service. Through a quasi-experiment analysis, we find that the effect of flood significantly increases bike share usage in low-income neighborhoods while not profoundly affecting usage in high-income neighborhoods. From the results, we shed light on the previously undiscovered role of bike share in the disaster management context and its role in mitigating the transportation disturbance of low-income commuters.

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