The organizational principles of open source software (OSS) development have challenged traditional theories in economics, organization research and information systems. In a seminal paper, Benkler (2002) provided a comprehensive framework to structure and explain these OSS principles. Coined Commons-Based Peer Production (CBPP), his framework has inspired a large stream of research on OSS. The objective of our paper is to determine whether CBPP also provides a viable framework to investigate projects of open innovation in non-software related domains. Using a case study approach, we focus on four projects that attempt to operate in line with the OSS phenomenon, but deal with tangible outputs (biotechnology, automobiles, entertainment hardware, and public patent review). We show that in general the CBPP framework is well-suited to explain "open" value creation in these domains. However, we also find several factors which limit its adoption to non-software related arenas.
Hilgers, Dennis; Müller-Seitz, Gordon; and Piller, Frank T., "BENKLER REVISITED – VENTURING BEYOND THE OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE ARENA?" (2010). ICIS 2010 Proceedings. 97.