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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), which uses radio waves to identify objects, was discovered in 1930s for military purposes and it transformed into commercial uses in 1980s in the United States. In this paper, we explore the research domains in RFID technology, innovation and diffusion theory, and supply chain management within the existing literature for exploring whether RFID enhances supply chain competence and ebusiness. This paper also forms a preliminary study base for researchers who may wish to carry on future research in this area.