This paper applies evolutionary view to investigate the enterprise tech-innovation process and study the uncertainty of the routine, net environment and the innovational technique. In the end the measurement of risk is described as the uncertainty characteristic then induced the coherent characteristic between the risk and the uncertainty, which can be applied in the theory on the innovation management.
Dang, Xinghua and Jiang, Junfeng, "The Roots of the Uncertainty in the Enterprise Tech-innovation Process under the Net-Environment" (2004). ICEB 2004 Proceedings. 168.