Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) are blockchain-based organizations that manage resources through self-executing rules defined in smart contracts and rely on decentralized governance approaches. Many DAOs were affected by forking, a phenomenon in which a new DAO–the fork–is created by copying another DAO’s–the parent’s–protocols, source code, and/or data. Current research unveiled various far-reaching implications of DAO forking but comparing and generalizing these is inhibited by a missing fine-grained understanding of the different types of DAO forks. This motivates us to develop a taxonomy of DAO forks. We developed our taxonomy based on research on forking of DAOs and software development projects and the examination of 21 real-world cases of DAO forking. Our taxonomy contributes a framework to researchers of DAOs and software forking as well as practitioners, who are now able to define and distinguish different types of DAO forks and their individual implications.
Overhage, Sebastian and Widjaja, Thomas, "A TAXONOMY OF FORKS IN THE CONTEXT OF DECENTRALIZED AUTONOMOUS ORGANIZATIONS" (2022). ECIS 2022 Research Papers. 77.
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