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All Information Systems (IS) innovations start with an idea. However, only little is known about how individuals evaluate such new IS ideas. As almost all IS rely on network effects, meaning that technology’s worth hinges on the number of adopters, we claim that individuals also evaluate new IS ideas based on the value they might have for others. Hence, the paper draws on coping theory and research on social actors to develop the concept of a ‘community-focused appraisal.’ This concept proposes that individuals in organizations evaluate new IS ideas both towards the consequences for themselves AND other individuals (referred to as community). The conducted vignette study confirms our theoretical considerations of individuals dealing with new IS ideas by applying five different adaptation strategies. We contribute to IS research by extending coping theory with a ‘community-focused appraisal’ and by explaining how the sense of community affects individuals’ adaptation behavior.



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