Paper Type

Complete

Paper Number

1538

Description

The Covid-19 pandemic forced soccer referees, among others, to switch from offline to online training by using information and communication technology (ICT). We use belief-update theory to propose and validate a model that illustrates how Covid-19 triggered a positive belief-update for beliefs about ICT-based training in a community sports context. Our study of 523 referees indicates that they had rather negative beliefs about using ICT for learning before Covid-19, but this changed into positive ones after being forced to use ICT for online training and first experiences during Covid-19. This belief-update increases intentions to continue using ICT-based training in the post-Covid-19 period. The paper contributes by illustrating that experiences made in an externally forced mandatory setting can trigger positive beliefs about ICT. A crisis can serve as a driver for ICT-based innovation in a community sports context.

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Aug 9th, 12:00 AM

How Soccer Referees Changed their Mind: A Belief-Update Perspective on Digital Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic forced soccer referees, among others, to switch from offline to online training by using information and communication technology (ICT). We use belief-update theory to propose and validate a model that illustrates how Covid-19 triggered a positive belief-update for beliefs about ICT-based training in a community sports context. Our study of 523 referees indicates that they had rather negative beliefs about using ICT for learning before Covid-19, but this changed into positive ones after being forced to use ICT for online training and first experiences during Covid-19. This belief-update increases intentions to continue using ICT-based training in the post-Covid-19 period. The paper contributes by illustrating that experiences made in an externally forced mandatory setting can trigger positive beliefs about ICT. A crisis can serve as a driver for ICT-based innovation in a community sports context.

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