Disinformation campaigns spread rapidly through social media and can cause serious harm, especially in crisis situations, ranging from confusion about how to act to a loss of trust in government institutions. Therefore, the prevention of digital disinformation campaigns represents an important research topic. However, previous research in the field of information systems focused on the technical possibilities to detect and combat disinformation, while ethical and legal perspectives have been neglected so far. In this article, we synthesize previous information systems literature on disinformation prevention measures and discuss these measures from an ethical and legal perspective. We conclude by proposing questions for future research on the prevention of disinformation campaigns from an IS, ethical, and legal perspective. In doing so, we contribute to a balanced discussion on the prevention of digital disinformation campaigns that equally considers technical, ethical, and legal issues, and encourage increased interdisciplinary collaboration in future research.
Stieglitz, Stefan; Fromm, Jennifer; Kocur, Alexander; Rostalski, Frauke; Duda, Michelle; Evans, Alison; Rieskamp, Jonas; Sievi, Luzia; Pawelec, Maria; Heesen, Jessica; Loh, Wulf; Fuchss, Christopher; and Eyilmez, Kaan, "What Measures Can Government Institutions in Germany Take Against Digital Disinformation? A Systematic Literature Review and Ethical-Legal Discussion" (2023). Wirtschaftsinformatik 2023 Proceedings. 20.