At present China is in the period of a market economy and modern social transition. Why has the number of women entrepreneurs increased? What leads women to leave their jobs and start their own businesses? Social capital is fundamental resources for women to be self-employed, with key resources of mobilization in female entrepreneur being directly determined by her amount of social capital which concerns corporate existence and business development. However, for a longtime, due to structural and other factors, opportunities are extremely limited for women access to social capital and gender differences in social capital set women entrepreneurs in a marginal status. Therefore,The purpose of the study was to identify the perceived personal characteristics and social capital within each woman who and how pursued entrepreneurship. Constructing social capital and enhancing the organizations network resources for the expansion of women entrepreneurship space has become essential in the context of constructing harmonious society.