Wuhan East Lake High-tech Zone was called Optics Valley of Wuhan ratified by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China in 2001, which became a national photoelectron industry base now. As time goes by, Optics Valley of Wuhan photoelectron industry cluster become more and more powerful, and it has become a major form of regional economy in gaining competitive advantages. This paper establishes a GEM model of optics Valley photoelectron industry Cluster, and creates its competitiveness evaluation system. At the same time, not only do we measure the cluster’s competitiveness by distributing questionnaires, but also preliminary analyze and evaluate the measurement results.