Currently, undertaking qualitative multi-disciplinary studies in Information Systems (IS) domain has been increased. Accordingly, the congruence between research philosophy and methodology allows the IS researchers to identify the overall strategy of the study and avoid unnecessary efforts. Consequently, application of innovative research philosophies, such as critical realism, which benefits from ideas of multiple philosophies (e.g. positivism and interpretivism) is reflected to be more to meet the requirements of multi-disciplinary IS researches. Critical realism allows the use of a well-developed and well-structured path to the research through identifying core elements including mechanisms, structures, and events. This research attempts to provide a distinctive approach for unification of critical realism philosophy and qualitative research through a literature analysis and according to the supplies of qualitative approach and the idea of fishbone diagram. It also offers a novel strategy for the validation of qualitative research based on the qualitative validity criteria and the requirements of the empirical stratum of critical realism philosophy.
Javidroozi, Vahid; Shah, Hanifa; and Feldman, Gerald, "Qualitative Critical Realism in Information Systems Research" (2018). UK Academy for Information Systems Conference Proceedings 2018. 24.