Affiliated Organization

Proceedings of JAIS Theory Development Workshop


This paper addresses the question, How do organizations sustain alignment between organizational strategy and IT strategy over time? We begin our investigation of this question by reviewing the literature on alignment. From thisvantage point, we develop a model of sustained strategic alignment over time that integrates the two primary perspectives on alignment, alignment as an end state and alignment as a process. Our model is built upon the DynamicCapabilities Framework, an extension of the well-known Resource-Based View of the Firm, and explains how an organization's ability to achieve a high degree ofstrategic alignment is an enduring competency that allows the organization to respond to the rapidly changing competitive environment. By developing a strategic alignment competency, organizations are able to sustain alignment over time. We conclude our paper by suggesting a research agenda to test our model of sustained strategic alignment and our theoretical propositions. Our papercontributes to research on strategic alignment by (1) integrating the end-state and process perspectives on alignment, (2) providing the Dynamic CapabilitiesFramework as a theoretical base for strategic alignment research, and (3)explaining how strategic alignment can be understood as an enduring capability that enables organizations to sustain alignment over time.