In this paper we argue that the predominant trust conceptualization in IS has a major weakness when researching trust in IT artifacts and that a theory of explanation and prediction for the formation of trust in IT artifacts is necessary to face the upcoming challenges. Thus, we motivate a trust conceptualization from the HCI discipline, and develop a formative measurement model for trust in IT artifacts to achieve deeper insights on the formation of trust. The results of our pre-study with 102 undergraduate students suggest that the new conceptualization is valueable for creating the desired insights on the formation of trust in IT artifacts. In an upcoming field experiment with about 250 users we expect to gain more detailed and reliable insights in the formation of trust in IT artifacts allowing us to derive a first theory of explanation and prediction for the formation of trust in IT artifacts.
Söllner, Matthias; Hoffmann, Axel; Hoffmann, Holger; and Leimeister, Jan Marco, "Towards a Theory of Explanation and Prediction for the Formation of Trust in IT Artifacts" (2011). SIGHCI 2011 Proceedings. 6.