Temporal structures have been argued to be an important element of business affecting both the processes that are undertaken within an organization and the overall productivity of the organization. As such, it might be considered appropriate for an organization to engage in what can be called temporal coordination in order to ensure that previously ad hoc temporal structures are now used to enhance and integrate business processes. Two in-depth interview studies with management were conducted to explore what types of temporal structures were used by professionals in their temporal coordination processes. The preliminary study results indicate that the majority of temporal structures being used are explicit clock-based temporal structures. This study therefore suggests that system design modifications are needed for enhancing the current electronic temporal coordination systems through incorporating new functions of manipulating more diverse temporal structures (e.g., implicit temporal structures) to achieve more efficient temporal coordination.
Wu, Dezhi and Ngugi, Benjamin, "Personal Temporal Structure Usage in Electronic Temporal Coordination Systems: A Qualitative Study" (2008). SIGHCI 2008 Proceedings. 18.