India is the largest user of groundwater in the world with an estimated usage of 230 km3 per year (World Bank, 2010; Saha et al., 2018; Goswami and Ghosal, 2022). Globally, areas under groundwater irrigation are the highest in India (39 million ha), followed by China (19 million ha) and the USA (17 million ha), and at present 204 km3 y-1 of groundwater is pumped annually in India (Siebert et al., 2010). Recognizing the problem and the importance of groundwater in rural areas of the country, The Managing Aquifer Recharge and sustaining Groundwater Use through Village-Level Intervention (MARVI) project commenced in 2011 to improve water security for rural communities. The project aims to teach rural communities to become more self-efficient and better manage their precious resources.

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