This paper systematically explicates the historical developmental stages of China’s bicycle sharing economy including current and future business models. This paper also identifies problems that exist in the evolution of China’s bicycle sharing and provides potential solutions. Furthermore, it proposes a fifth-generation bicycle sharing model, the “intelligent dock-less bicycle sharing” model and analyzes its characteristics and development. The paper concludes with a discussion on the limitations of the study and future research directions.
Zhao, Naidong; Zhang, Xihui; Banks, M. Shane; and Xiong, Mingke, "BICYCLE SHARING IN CHINA: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE" (2018). SAIS 2018 Proceedings. 11.