Research in information systems includes a wide range of approaches that make a contribution in terms of knowledge, understanding, or practical developments. However, empirical studies show that discussion of validity in research is often weak. In this paper we examine the nature of truth and relatedly correctness in order to construct a validation framework that can potentially encompass all the varied forms of research. Current debates within philosophy revolve around the idea of a pluralist view of truth – that there may be different forms of truth de-pending on context or domain. Related to truth is the wider concept of correctness – propositions may be true (and therefore correct) but correctness can also be applied to actions, performances or behavior. Based on these two concepts, we develop a framework for research validity and apply it to a range of research forms including positivist, mathematical, interpretive, design science, critical and action-oriented.
Mingers, John and Standing, Craig, "Truth and Correctness: Towards A Pluralist Framework for Validating Information Systems Research" (2019). PACIS 2019 Proceedings. 5.