PACIS 2019 Proceedings


The critical shortage of cybersecurity talent urged the President of the United States to issue the Executive Order 13800 to bolster cybersecurity workforce. Unfortunately, higher education fails to cultivate cybersecurity talent that organizations are looking for. As a result, organizations have to invest their resources to provide on the job training to their employees. To enhance the quality of cybersecurity education, this study investigates how the learning of both cyber offense and cyber defense helps individuals to gain a more thorough understanding in cybersecurity concepts. Built on Activity Theory, this study examines individuals’ cognitive learning in cybersecurity. Our key findings discover that cyber offense learning cultivates effective thinking, but cyber defense engages individuals in system thinking. We then suggest the research implications accordingly.