In today’s digital age, in which all kinds of information can be accessed electronically at all times, organizations are under continuous pressure of keeping their information systems (IS) secure. To protect IS and information assets from insider threats, information security awareness (ISA) has been established as a crucial factor in influencing employees’ behaviour that is supportive or disruptive of IS security. But yet to date, there is still a lack of in-depth and structured understanding of the factors influencing ISA. In this research-in-progress paper, we conduct a literature review to categorize determinants of ISA into four levels of origin (individual, organizational, social-environmental, and application-specific) and identify topics that are promising for future research. We then present our planned study as an example to pursue our recommendations. In the IS security context of phishing, we aim to uncover the extent to which non-IS professionals are able to develop an eye for technical aspects of IS security and pay higher visual attention to security and fraud indicators of web browsers and e-mails after being subject to different organizational awareness-raising activities. Among a survey and literature analysis, the multi-method approach uses the objective data collection instrument of eye tracking. We expect to contribute into the nascent area of neurosecurity research by offering new insights on the effectiveness of organizational means to increase employees’ ISA.
Jaeger, Lennart and Eckhardt, Andreas, "A NEUROSECURITY PERSPECTIVE ON THE FORMATION OF INFORMATION SECURITY AWARENESS – PROPOSING A MULTI-METHOD APPROACH" (2016). PACIS 2016 Proceedings. 64.