This paper aims to examine how information technology infrastructure flexibility interacts with innovation generation influencing the adaptability in electronic supply chains. A novel research model comprises three constructs and three research hypotheses, with innovation generation as mediating constructs. The empirical study is conducted on electronic supply chains, with data collected from Taiwan’s manufacturing firms. The findings of the study provide useful insights into how electronic supply chain members should reinforce their open innovation via enhancing the innovation generation and in turn enhance the adaptability for the electronic supply chain as a whole.