The efficient use of information technology in industries in the U.S. and globally created improved efficiencies, increased competitive advantages, and improved the flow of communication. The U.S. healthcare system; however, has been slow to embrace IT adoption historically. In 2009, a signature piece of legislation mandated electronic medical records adoption to decrease medical errors, high death rates, and prescription errors. Despite extensive literature before the adoption mandate deadline, barriers and negative perceptions towards adoption exist. This proposal intends to contribute to the discussion concerning gaps in the literature concerning IT adoption effectiveness and the U.S. healthcare industry. Accounting for 17% of the U.S. gross domestic product with projections showing 25% in the next ten years, understanding the barriers and perceptions are paramount for both the healthcare and IT industry.