Many research studies have discussed critical factors which can affect project success or failure. In this paper, an examination of a limited number of these studies is conducted to emphasize the need to understand a foundational perspective of the human element influencing these factors. The result is the classification of three core competency areas which can lead toward more effective project management initiatives. An outline of these core competencies is provided based on the identification of key themes focusing on project critical success factors. Initial findings of the study are discussed and a foundation for future research agendas is provided.