With the data volume that does not stop growing and the multitude of sources that led to diversity of structures, the classic tools of data management became unsuitable for processing and unable to offer effective tools for information retrieval and knowledge management. Thereby, a major challenge has become how to deal with the explosion of data to transform it into new useful and interesting knowledge. Despite the rapid development and change of the databases world, this data management systems diversity presents a difficulty in choosing the best solution to analyze, interpret and manage data according to the user’s needs while preserving data availability. Hence, the imposition of the Big Data in our technological landscape offers new solutions for data processing. In this work, we aim to present a brief of the current buzz research field called Big Data. Then, we provide a broad comparison of two data management technologies.