Covariance-based structural equation modeling (CB-SEM) is an increasingly popular technique for analyzing quantitative data in Information Systems research. As such, it is traditionally viewed as a method to test theory, rather than build it. However, many of the theoretical models tested with this technique show significant differences between the model and the data, which the IS community has been willing to overlook. This paper shows that as part of the pursuit of model fit, CB-SEM can provide deeper insights into a phenomenon, allowing us to build theories based on quantitative data.
Evermann, Joerg and Tate, Mary, "Building Theory from Quantitative Studies, or, How to Fit SEM Models" (2009). ICIS 2009 Proceedings. 192.