At the same time that unprecedented opportunity exists for IT professionals around the world, the field is experiencing an IT skills crisis that stems from the shortage of qualified IT professionals. It is, therefore, ironic that despite significant growth in the IT professions, there remain segments of the population under-represented in IT. Among those under-represented in IT are women. In some countries there is evidence of declining participation by women in the IT profession.1 The question on the minds of those concerned with IT human resources and the development of qualified IT professionals is: Why? A deeper understanding of this question is necessary for the development of appropriate IT human resource strategies.