Much of the systems analysis and design literature and much of current practice seems to assume that the work will be organized and carried out by professional IS analysts. In the age of decentralization, flat organizations, and outsourcing, business professionals must take on more systems analysis responsibilities, either directly or through their subordinates and contractors.
Alter, Steven; Conger, Sue; McFarlan, F. Warren; and Szyperski, Norbert, "Systems Analysis Techniques for Business People: How Should These Techniques Differ from Techniques for IS Professionals" (1994). ICIS 1994 Proceedings. 56.