A structural equation modeling approach is used to build understanding of the Biggs 3P model of teaching and learning within the tertiary institution sector. A learning quality dependent construct is used to show the Biggs 3P construct blocks do display significant two way interactions between each and every construct, and so act as an interlinked system.
Hamilton, John R. and Tee, Sing What, "Extending the Biggs 3P Teaching and Learning Model: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach" (2009). ICEB 2009 Proceedings (Macau, SAR China). 150.