This article proposes a collaborative framework for the process of collaborative commerce (c-commerce) through which prospective partners could employ and configure c-commerce technologies according to the needs of different stages to realize potential benefits promised by the next generation of enterprise application software. This framework details pre-conditions that lead prospective partners to establish a collaborative relationship, including structural, social-psychological, and technological factors. This framework also describes how collaboration in c-commerce is unfolded following a teamwork problem-solving model. Furthermore, the framework discusses a variety of possible outcomes resulting from an initiative of collaborative commerce. Those components of collaborative commerce are structured in the format of the input-process-output model.
Chuang, Ta-Tao, "A Collaborative Framework for Collaborative Commerce" (2003). ICEB 2003 Proceedings (Singapore). 138.