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This study presents a stage model of knowledge management systems (KMS) diffusion process. It then provides empirical test of the sequence of KMS diffusion process in Australia. Structural equation modelling (SEM) using LISREL is used as the analytical tool for the empirical tests. The results show that all the hypotheses related to the sequence of the KMS diffusion process are significant. This is an important and significant finding. It clearly demonstrates how KMS adoption and diffusion phenomenon should be planned in Australian organizations. The results of the study add value to the literature of knowledge management. Also, the results provide practical and applicable suggestions to those companies, which are embarking on the adoption and diffusion of knowledge management system in Australia or elsewhere.