All Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) research has a contextual aspect. However, there is no specific theory used to describe the context. This article explores Eswatini’s context with their implementation of the Swaziland Livestock Information and Traceability System (SLITS). Two frameworks are combined to emphasize the role of the project’s context, specifically the cultural context, as the community is highly-contextualized. Hall’s Theory of High-Context/Low-Context (HC/LC) is combined with the Context and Implementation of Complex Interventions (CICI) framework. The longitudinal case study leans toward a rich contextual analysis, with the data collected presented as six distinct themes. The main findings suggest the contextual setting of an ICT4D project leads to unique findings, with the cultural aspects of the context needing greater emphasis. Future research will include identifying similar constructs in longitudinal ICT4D projects to derive a widely-used framework applicable to more such projects.