Simmelian ties, organizational justice, and knowledge sharing in virtual workgroups


We argue that types of Simmelian-tied employee dyads (dyads embedded in three-person cliques)

influences organizational justice perceptions, and knowledge sharing within and across

organizational boundaries through virtual workgroups. We study the interaction between employees'

advice and friendship ties, shared interpersonal, interactional, procedural and distributive justice

perceptions, and the types of knowledge shared from a social network perspective. We predict that

Simmelian-tied advice and friendship dyads influence justice perceptions, and in turn knowledge

sharing. Compared to Simmelian-tied advice dyads, we suggest that Simmelian-tied friendship dyads

were hypothesized to be strongly associated with congruent distributive, interpersonal, and

interpersonal justice perceptions. Congruent procedural justice perceptions were likely to be

associated with both Simmelian-tied advice and friendship ties. We hypothesized that distributive,

procedural, and informational justice perceptions were likely to be shared across formal

organizational boundaries through strong friendship ties. We also predicted that positive congruent

procedural, interpersonal and informational justice perceptions influenced expert knowledge sharing

while congruent distributive justice perceptions influenced product knowledge sharing.

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