S Barnes


There are now many virtual worlds in existence, a number of which have built considerable user

bases. However, there is little empirical evidence to suggest what factors underpin their continued

usage and success. This study set about determining why users continue to use virtual worlds, using

the example of the popular virtual world of Second Life. The study adopts continuance theory and

extensions to the basic model to examine the effects of enjoyment, habit and absorption. The results

(n=339) suggest that continuance intention is driven by perceived usefulness, habit, absorption and

enjoyment, which together provide a comprehensive explanation for virtual world behaviour



=0.565). Interestingly, satisfaction did not appear to play a direct strong role in determining

intentions. The paper rounds off with conclusions and implications for future research and practice in

this very new area of inquiry.