Mobile technologies are argued to offer unprecedented opportunities for organizations and individuals. In order for organizations to be persuaded that investment in mobile technologies is not only worthwhile, but also important to the achievement of corporate goals and objectives, then it is important to evaluate the potential of mobile technology so that the derivation of business value and the related risks involved in implementing mobile devices and services in an organization can be understood. This paper aims at understanding the organizational value that could be derived from investments in mobile technology. We present two in-depth case studies of mobile technology implementation in health care organizations. These studies show that deriving business value from the adoption and implementation of mobile devices does not seem at all certain, but is contingent upon clear business objectives and a willingness to make business changes to embrace the transformation to core business processes which are driven by the mobile technologies.