This study aims to identify institutional factors that act as barriers to technology adoption in Caribbean Secondary Schools. The research model combines two distinct bodies of research – literature on technology adoption from Information Systems, and studies on IT use in schools from Education literature. Data was collected primarily through surveys completed by secondary school teachers in eight (8) Eastern Caribbean islands, and supported by interviews with education administrators from the various islands. Results indicated the most significant factors were the non-availability of hardware, and lack of time.