Students have been becoming more autonomous, which opens the window to innovative intervention that cognitively engages students. The current contexts of collaborative and self-learning, inserted in technological environments designed for Digital Learning, allow the achievement of different performances at different levels. This article’s main objectives are the identification of cognitive engagement strategies and to verify the existence of a correlation between these strategies and learning outcomes, in a higher education context. In this context, this research aims to identify what are the main cognitive engagement strategies for higher education contexts, what technological environments are available for applying cognitive engagement solutions and what correlation exists between the proposed strategies and learning outcomes, in digital learning environments.Based on an Action Research methodology, this position paper presents the state of the art regarding Cognitive Engagement and Learning Outcomes in Higher Education and a literature review. Future work is discussed.