The purpose of this paper is to study the ongoing digitalisation of SMEs in order to gain a richer understanding of the complexity of digital transformation. Six Swedish SMEs have been studied using a basic qualitative research approach. Main results of the study are the identification of internal as well as external drivers of value creation, categories of digital transformation actions and the presence of a strategic tension that SMEs had to manage in order to conduct their digital transformation. One conclusion is a proposed framework which supports a rich understanding of SMEs digital transformation.