Healthcare service is the core of the social welfare system, and has been widely focused by the governments, media and the public. The rapid development of e-commerce and the wide application of ICT have accelerated their uses in healthcare service. China welcomes ehealth service as it is developing globally, but like many other nations it encounters both opportunities and challenges. Therefore, the assessment of e-health is becoming more important. We analyze the current situation in China and assess its goals of realizing ehealth and the challenges of developing e-health.