Human Computer Interaction


Computer Self-Efficacy (CSE) has been traditionally viewed within the IS discipline as an important factor contributing to enhancements in computer-related task performance. Despite these acknowledgements, however, the empirical results involving the effect of CSE on performance have not always been consistent. Further, increasing an individual’s CSE is also a cumbersome process from a practical perspective of implementation. In this study, we introduce a new construct, self-prophecy (from the consumer psychology literature), and investigate whether this social influence strategy can be used as a mechanism to improve computer-related task performance. An experimental study was conducted to examine the effects of self-prophecy in enhancing computer-related task performance. Results show that self-prophecy and CSE interact to influence technology-related task performance. Implications of these results are discussed in terms of organizations ability to increase performance with self-prophecy versus influencing individuals’ CSE.