Integration of environmental models requires full support of the modelling community. When a large number of models are integrated, it requires consistency within scale, datasets, and model to model interactions to minimize the uncertainty among the models. The integrated environmental modelling (IEM) framework is a necessary approach to integrate multiple environmental models for a particular study. When modellers cannot afford considerable amount of time to get involved with full and tightly-integrated IEM or an IEM has very short time frame to complete, then a loosely-coupled collaborative IEM environment can provide the benefits of the integrated approach while minimizing the effort of each individual modeller. However, such a framework will require setting rules that all participants must adhere to. These rules address the issues of model inputs and model to model interaction. The framework should also provide value-added functionality to make the IEM framework more transparent and applicable.
Wong, Isaac; Lam, David C.-L.; Booty, William G.; and Fong, Phil, "A Loosely-Coupled Collaborative Integrated Environmental Modelling Framework" (2009). AMCIS 2009 Proceedings. 741.