The term Chief Information Officer (CIO) was first coined in 1981 and has been implemented in many firms across a range of industries. Two competing institutional theory views are proposed, one leading to the institutionalization and one leading to the extinguishment of the CIO position. A pilot test was conducted examining Security and Exchange Commission filings where instances of adoption, reduction in status and abandonment were identified.
Denford, James S. and Dacin, M. Tina, "The CIO Position at the Crossroads: Two Institutional Views of a Management Innovation" (2009). AMCIS 2009 Proceedings. 461.