Systems theory is often used in MIS research and applications. It is frequently assumed that the underlying principles of system theory are shared by both the author and audience. However, as will be presented here, multiple variants of systems theory exist, with often conflicting basic tenets which can lead authors and audiences to misunderstanding. This paper offers a taxonomy of four systems theories. Brief suggestions for applications of each are made. The limitations of systems theories are presented.
McKinney, Jr., Earl H., "MI Systems Taxonomy" (2000). AMCIS 2000 Proceedings. 310.